When spoken out loud, affective and effective can be hard to differentiate. That’s probably why they’re often used interchangeably, both in speech and in writing.
But despite just a single vowel separating them, these two adjectives carry quite different meanings. Read on for a full explanation and some helpful tips for remembering the difference.
Affect vs. Effect
To understand the difference between affective and effective, you’ll first want to review the difference between affect vs. effect.
Affect can be used as a noun, which refers to an emotion or feeling that influences behavior.
As a verb, however, affect means to impact or make a difference to something else. In other words, as a verb, affect leads to effects (results).
Effect is most commonly used as a noun to refer to results (think cause and effect).
When used as a verb, effect means “to make happen.” For example, “The politician promised to effect great change.”
Affective is an adjective that describes a thing or action that relates to feelings, moods, or attitudes.
Affective comes from the noun affect, not the verb. The noun refers to an emotion or feeling that influences behavior (see the full explanation above).
The term affective is most frequently encountered in psychology-related writing, such as studies on emotions or mood disorders. As far as everyday communication, it’s more likely that effective is the word you’re looking for. You’ll find its definition below.
Effective is an adjective that describes a thing or process that successfully produces the intended result, or effect.
This is the definition that you will probably encounter most often, although “effective” can also be used as a synonym for “virtual” or “practical” (e.g., “The tools were effectively useless after the rain.”)
How to Remember Affective vs. Effective
An easy way to remember that affective deals primarily with emotions is through its close connection to affectionate. When someone is affectionate toward you, they express fondness.
However, unless you’re talking about psychology, affective is pretty rare in every day language, so it’s more likely that the word you need is effective.
See the examples below to get a better understanding of how these two words are used.
Affective in a Sentence
The following are examples of affective in a sentence:
- The most common affective disorders are bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder, and depression.
- Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a type of depression related to changes in the seasons.
- Affective development is closely connected to cognitive development.
Effective in a Sentence
The following are examples of effective in a sentence:
- Their marketing strategies were very effective; sales increased by 150%.
- Although he meant well, the mayor’s policies were not effective when it came to solving the city’s homelessness crisis.
- My speech would have been more effective had I shortened it.
- Since their last meeting, she has effectively cut off all communication with her old friends.
Affective or Effective?
Although they might sound the same, affective and effective carry quite different meanings.
Learn the difference so you can choose the right word and become a more effective communicator in both writing and everyday conversation.
Which word pairs still confuse you? Share your thoughts in the comments below!